YEVPATORIYA

YEVPATORIYA
YEVPATORIYA (Eupatoria; in Jewish sources the Tatar name of the city Göslöw (Koslov) is also found), city on the western shore of the Crimean peninsula, Ukraine. A large Jewish community existed there under Tatar rule from the 15th to 18th centuries. The Russian conquest at the end of the 18th century caused much suffering to the Yevpatoriya community, many of whom fled to Turkey. At the time of the Russian annexation of Crimea there remained approximately 100 Karaite families and a few Rabbanites (Tatar-speaking krimchaks ). During the 19th century the Karaite community in Yevpatoriya became the largest in Russia and the spiritual center of the Karaites. The chief Karaite ḥakham of Russia had his seat in Yevpatoriya. His status as leader of the community was recognized by the Russian government in 1837. A Hebrew Karaite press (Göslöw press) was established there in the 1830s and functioned until the 1860s. abraham firkovich published the works of the early Karaites there. A school for cantors, headed by the Karaite Hebrew author elijah kazaz , was established in 1894. There was a magnificent Karaite synagogue in Yevpatoriya, and the community had a museum and library containing many rare manuscripts and books. In 1897 the community numbered 1,592 Rabbanites (mainly of Lithuanian or Ukrainian origin) and 1,525 Karaites (together forming 18% of the total population). There were pogroms in Yevpatoriya in 1905. After the 1917 Revolution, the last Karaite ḥakham moved to Constantinople. The Jewish population (both Rabbanite and Karaite) numbered 2,409 in 1926 (10.6% of the total). Toward the end of the 1920s several Jewish agricultural settlements were established northeast of Yevpatoriya. After Crimea was occupied by the Germans, at the end of 1941, the Rabbanite Jews in Yevpatoriya were murdered, but the Karaites escaped, not being regarded as Jews. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yevpatoriya — Original name in latin Yevpatoriya Name in other language Eupatoria, Eupatorio, Evpatoria, Evpatorija, Evpatorya, Epatorio, Gazlevi, Jevpatorija, Jewpatorija, Kozlov, Yevpatoria, Yevpatoriya, ybptwryh, Євпаторія, Евпатория, Эвпаторія State code… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Yevpatoriya — ▪ Ukraine also spelled  Evpatoriya , or  Eupatoria        city, Crimea, southern Ukraine, on the Kalamit Bay on the west coast of the Crimean Peninsula. Founded in the 6th century BC as a Greek colony and later renamed for Mithradates VI Eupator …   Universalium

  • LUZKI (Lucki), ABRAHAM BEN JOSEPH SOLOMON (Aben Yashar) — (1792–1855), Karaite scholar and poet in Crimea. He was born in lutsk (Luck) and moved as a child with his father joseph solomon b. moses luzki in 1803 to Yevpatoriya, where the latter was shofet. He was subsequently sent to Constantinople, where …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mars 96 — Maqueta de la sonda Datos de la misión Nombre: Mars 96 Destino: Marte Organización: IKI …   Wikipedia Español

  • LUZKI (Lutzki, Lucki), JOSEPH SOLOMON BEN MOSES (Yashar) — (1770–1844), Karaite scholar and public figure, born at Kukizow near Lwow. He lived at Lutsk (Volhynia), had disciples there, and was a judge in the municipal council; he knew Russian and Polish well. In 1802 he moved to Yevpatoriya in the Crimea …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Names of European cities in different languages: U–Z — v · d · …   Wikipedia

  • Luzki, Joseph Solomon ben Moses — (d. 1844)    Crimean Karaite scholar. He was born in Kukizow, near Lemberg, and lived at Lutsk, Volhynia. In 1802 he moved to Yevpatoriya in the Crimea, where he became rabbi of the Karaites. He went with Simhah Babovich to St Petersburg to… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Eupatoria — (Polish, Romanian), Ευπατορία (Greek), Kezlev (Crimean Tatar), Yevpatoriya Євпаторія (Ukrainian), Yevpatoriya Евпатория (Russian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • CRIMEA — (Rus. Krym or Krim) (Heb. קְרִים), peninsula of South European Russia, on the Black Sea; from 1954 until 1991 an oblast of Ukrainian S.S.R. and from 1992 a repub lic of Ukraine. Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages Jews first settled in the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SULTANSKY, MORDECAI BEN JOSEPH — (c. 1772–1862), Karaite scholar and writer. He was born in Lutsk, Volhynia. His father was a ḥazzan and a head of the bet din in Lutsk. Sultansky served as a teacher in his native town. At the age about 40, apparently after a large fire that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”